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Titlu referat: Robinson Crusoe II

Nivel referat: liceu

Descriere referat:
By Daniel Defoe
The first volume of Robinson Crusoe was published on 25 April
1719, and it was a big hit, especially for the lower and middle classes. Since
that one worked so well, Daniel published Moll
Flanders in 1722, drawing heavily on his experiences
in Newgate prison to add realism. This novel got him the label of a social
historian, much, much later, of course. The point was that the public ate up
this kind of thing, and Daniel wrote lots of it. He also worked for a publisher
named Mr. Applebee between 1720 and 1726, who liked to publish books about the
lives of condemned criminals. Daniel used to go to prison cells and even the
scaffold to receive manuscripts for these lives from the criminals themselves.
He sometimes goofed up on dates and numbers, but all of these lives are
wonderful studies of character and society, though often a bit too heavy on the
moral lessons by today's standards.
In the novel Robinson Crusoe , Daniel Defoe presents
the life of one man who lived on a desert island for twenty-eight years .
Robinson Crusoe was born in 1632 in York city in a good family . He had two
elder brothers . Since he was a child , he was feeling an attraction for
sailing . When he had nineteen years old he ran away from home to sail with a
fellow . They had wreck and the crew was saved . Then he met in London a
captain and they tripped to Guinea . On this trip they were attacked by a
pirate ship from Sale and he became slave . He escaped and the he sailed to
South and continued his travel to Guinea. The ship wrecked and the all crew
died except Robinson Crusoe who woke up on a desert island . He thought about
his condition and he built a place to stay and to be safe. Then he began to
make tools and cultivate barley. Then he began to research the island . On the
island , he found lemon trees , grapes , tobacco , sugar cane . These plants
grew wild without any human help . His family grew because his cat came back
with young cats . He found a parrot and he taught the parrot to speak . On the
island he could survive because there was a lot of animals and fruits . He tame
a kid and he made clay pot . His target was to sail to the continent so he
tried to build a boat and he did it , but he couldn’t put the boat on water . After a while
he hadn’t anything to wear
so he made clothes from the skins of the animals . One day when he woke up , he
saw that there were cannibals on his island and they wanted to eat him .
Finally he found a man foot print on the island . First he thought that the
foot print was his foot print but it was bigger . After that he sow the
remainders of a cannibal meal . After a while he met the cannibals who sat
around a fire for a cannibal meal . He told himself that he would kill them if
they came again on his island . Another boat wrecked near the island and he
went to the boat to see if anyone survived but he didn’t find anyone alive . After that he had
an unusual dream and in that day he saw five cannibals boats coming to the
island . He saved a cannibal and he made him his slave . He named him Friday
and Friday was amazed by Robinson’s shotgun . Friday learnt English and he told him that on the
continent there were some white men like Robinson Crusoe . They both built a
boat and they decided to go on the continent to talk with the others white men
, but the wild men came again to the island to eat a Spanish man and the other
cannibal , who was Friday’s
father . Friday , the Spanish man and Friday’s father went to the continent . In
this time , when Robinson was alone , a English ship came near the island and
another boat brought on the island three prisoners . Among the prisoners was
the captain of the ship . Robinson helped the captain to get back to his ship
and to punish the rebels . After twenty-eight years he finally left the island
. When he arrived in Yorkshire he found out that many members of his family
died . On his way to Brazil to get his proprieties he stopped in Lisbon where
he met an old friend  , the captain . He decided to go back to London ,
were Robinson got married and remained for the rest of his life.
The characters
Robinson Crusoe :
       Robinson Crusoe was a English sailor . Since he was child he was
attracted by the sea and by the ocean . He wanted to know the world so in one
unlucky day he left home going to the ocean . He was a brave and hardworking
man when he was in Brazil . He was getting rich in Brazil because he was a
land-owner there . Another unlucky day , he took a boat to get slaves to work
on his lands . Unfortunately his ship wrecked near a desert island . He was an
optimistic man when he arrived on that island . He build on its own a
fortification and he became a good protector of his animals . He was a good
gun-shooter and he was a brave man trying to help some people from the hands of
the cannibals . He was a good English teacher trying to teach Friday and his
parrot English . He also was a patient man because he stayed on that desert
island alone but with the hope in his heart .
Friday :
       Friday was Robinson’s slave and his skin color was black . He was a thankful man to
Robinson because he saved him from the hands of the cannibals . Being a very
fast runner he ran from the others cannibals who wanted to eat him . Because ha
was a very hardworking man , Robinson loved him and they worked together to
escape from that island . He was a very brave man in the fight with the wolfs
and with the bear in their way to London . After he learnt how to shoot with
the gun , he became a very good shooter and he was a very good fighter in the
fight with the others cannibals .
Robinson Crusoe is one of the greatest novel
by Daniel Defoe . It is an adventure novel .

Curs valutar
Dolarul american4,2615
Lira Sterlina5,3015
Gramul de aur170,1555
Leul moldovenesc0,2176
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